The Caribbean region is considered to be one of the most vulnerable regions in the world to the projected impacts of climate change.There are twenty Caribbean islands within the region that are Small Island Developing States (SIDS). SIDS are said to be most vulnerable to the projected climate change impacts of extreme events and sea level rise. These impacts may have direct or indirect effects on Caribbean countries environmental resources, economies and populations.
Coral bleaching and coastal erosion poses major problems to Caribbean countries as global warming continues to take place. Many coral reefs in the Caribbean region have already undergone mass bleaching, as was the case of the 1995 mass coral bleaching event throughout the Caribbean region. Many of the coral reefs in the Caribbean region still have not fully recovered from such event and continues to experience bleaching.
The lack of coastal protection due coastal erosion and degradation of coral reefs exacerbates the potential impacts of sea level rise to SIDS. These impacts include increase flood events, storm surges and further erosion which in turn affects our livelihoods and economies. Hence, it is in our best interest to develop strategies and a plan of action to minimize the projected impacts of climate change on our region .